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Old 08-07-2013, 05:12 AM   #19 (permalink)
djchameleon
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Here is some information in a nutshell of the pros and cons. I'm still looking what negative effects that will be occuring. I don't think the negative effects that republicans are afraid of are going to be a big deal but they won't fully know until the Act is put into practice next year. They can do all the analysis they want ahead of time but that's not a good enough indicator of how it will play out.

PROS

- Increased coverage.Thirty-two million Americans who would not have been covered by health insurance either now have coverage or will get the coverage they need starting in 2014. This includes:
3.1 million Americans ages 19 through 25 who may be added to their parentsí plans. Many of these youth are working but still cannot afford to pay for health benefits.
Patients with pre-existing conditions who will no longer be able to be denied coverage by insurance companies. Plus, insurance companies will no longer be able to drop plan members once they get sick.
In general, people who can't afford health insurance. The Federal government will pay states to add this group to the stateís Medicaid program.

- Reduced healthcare costs. According to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the cost of healthcare could be reduced. Since the Act makes sure 95 percent of citizens have health insurance, preventative healthcare will be more accessible. The newly insured will no longer have to wait until their ailments become so extreme that they are forced to visit the hospital emergency room, a more costly care avenue.

- Reduced budget gaps. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that the PPACA will reduce the national budget deficit by $143 billion by 2019 because of the Actís associated taxes and fees. In addition, the CBO believes that the Medicare "donut hole" gap in coverage will be eliminated by 2020.

- Higher taxes, lower deductions. Americans who don't pay for insurance and don't qualify for Medicaid will be assessed a tax of $95 (or 1 percent of income, whichever is higher) in 2014. The tax will increase substantially to $325 (or 2 percent of income) in 2015, and $695 (or 2.5 percent of income) in 2016. Individuals with annual incomes above $200,000 and couples with incomes above $250,000 will pay higher taxes to help cover costs of the program. And, in 2014, families can only deduct medical expenses that exceed 10 percent of income, rather than todayís 7.5 percent of income.



- Shortage of healthcare professionals. A new study by the National Monitor predicts that the implementation of the PPACA, coupled with the nationís aging population, could lead to a shortage of 52,000 primary care physicians by 2025. This could leave millions of Americans without access to healthcare. The study also noted that office visits to primary care physicians will likely increase from 462 million to 565 million by 2025, further straining the system.

- Higher drug costs. Pharmaceutical companies will pay an extra $84.8 billion in fees over the next ten years to pay for closing the "donut hole" in Medicare. This could raise drug costs if they pass these fees on to consumers.

Source
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