|12-20-2008, 11:01 AM
Join Date: Jul 2007
Location: End of the Earth
Screaming vocals have been used in various forms in many genres of music...not just metal
mostly used as avant garde and experimental in the use of the voice itself as an instrument - it has been used by composers for movie scores as well as opera and classical
The use of screaming has been integral in punk and hardcore to show a more direct approach and harshness to the lyrics instead of being melodic
Screaming in Heavy Metal was used in Led Zepplin by Robert Plant who tried to compliment his vocals with the riffs of Jimmy Page but came to prominence during the explosion of 80's thrash metal... It should however be noted that the vocal delivery of thrash metal is incredibly diverse; some bands such as Anthrax use much cleaner vocals, early Metallica uses very hardcore punk influenced vocals while other bands such as Slayer use more demonic screaming.
James Hetfield's thrash metal rasp was harsh in contrast to Rob Halford's heavy metal high notes, but creatures like Glen Benton of Deicide tore out their larynxes to summon images of decaying corpses and giant catastrophic horrors..
Screaming in some subgenres of heavy metal music is typically demanding and guttural. The Cookie Monster-like death growl is common in death metal. Separate forms of extreme metal vocalization can be found in black metal with a higher-pitched shriek and grindcore with either a "pig squeal" vocalization or a high pitched shriek similar to, but less throat-oriented than, black metal vocals.
Death metal, in particular, is associated with growled vocals. Death metal, which tends to be darker and more morbid than thrash metal, features vocals that attempt to evoke chaos and misery by being usually very deep, guttural, and unintelligible. Although the vast majority of death metal bands use very low, beast-like, almost indiscernible growls as vocals, many also have high and screechy or operatic vocals, or simply deep and forcefully sung vocals. Vocalists in this style have a distinctive sound, growling and snarling rather than singing the words. Making ample use of the voice distortion box, they sound as if they had gargled with hydrochloric acid.
The progressively more forceful enunciation of metal vocals has been noted, from heavy metal to thrash metal to grindcore. Post-hardcore and screamo screaming is sometimes similar to that of metal, although many screams are imbued with a more vulnerable, emotional tone.
As emo/screamo moved into the mainstream in the late 1990s and early 2000s, the amount of screaming in any given song or album could vary widely from band to band, with some bands eschewing the technique altogether or using it very infrequently, often at climaxes of songs. Emery, The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus, Matchbook Romance, and Story of the Year are examples of bands achieving widespread success who only occasionally made use of screaming.
Although, there are bands who play screamo in the vein of bands that were around in the early to mid nineties, such as Funeral Diner, Saetia, Orchid, City of Caterpillar, etc. These bands are also known as screamo bands, but use a more intense, high-pitched scream, and usually have screaming for a whole song.
Nu metal sometimes employs screaming. It also includes shouting and rapping as well as various other styles of vocals. Jonathan Davis screams in most of Korn's earlier songs. Limp Bizkit singer Fred Durst screams and raps in most of Limp Bizkit's songs, especially in their first album. Linkin Park's singer, Chester Bennington screams in some of the songs on their records. On latest record called Minutes to Midnight in a song he screams for 18 sec.
Many other nu metal bands employ a stronger use of screaming in their music as well as more concrete metal influences (Often Groove Metal and Industrial Metal) bands such as Spineshank, Slipknot, Ill Nino, Mudvayne, Killswitch Engage and Static-X to name a few.
Pink Floyd made use of high pitched screams on their "The Wall" album and even the Beatles screamed "Helter Skelter"
on the White album
The inward scream is a more recently developed vocal technique, often used to create the 'Pig Squeal'. A consistent growl can be obtained by breathing in, firstly to obtain a gurgle. Making the inward breath more forceful by pulling in air using the diaphragm, one can imitate extremely low growls and high shrieks for extended periods of time, which would be impossible to obtain whilst exhaling. Positioning of the tongue during inward screaming can produce the high overtone heard during a pig squeal. Inward screaming has been used as early as 1994 by the Canadian death metal band Cryptopsy. Despite being almost effortless and relatively painless to perform, there is a downside: Inward screaming places a huge amount of strain on the performers' vocal cords, which can be damaged beyond repair due to overuse of this technique.
Screaming and growling can damage the vocal folds if not done carefully as in the case of Avenged Sevenfold ; however, some feel that the raw passion expressed through these vocal stylings may be lost when modulated by deliberate precautionary techniques.
Many of the hardcore metal bands consider it a sign of status to lose one's voice, one that only the most dedicated can achieve..
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